North Central District Health Department

STD Quick Facts

ChlamydiaWhat to watch for...................
  • Symptoms may occur 7-28 days after having sex, but most women and many men will not have symptoms.
  • Symptoms may include:
      • discharge from the vagina
      • water, white drip from penis
      • abnormal periods or bleeding between periods
      • burning or pain when during urination, may also need to urinate more often
      • abdominal pain , may include fever and nausea
      • swollen or tender testicles
How do you get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia.

What happens if it is not treated?

  • Can lead to more serious infection and reproductive organs can be damaged (which may cause infertility)
  • Can be treated with certain antibiotics
Genital WartsWhat to watch for......................
  • Symptoms may show up 1-8 months after contact with HPV (the virus that causes genital warts and is linked to cervical cancer)
  • Small, bumpy warts on the sex organs and anus may be soft, pink, cauliflower like warts or hard, smooth, yellow gray warts. In women, they may develop inside the vagina, where they are hard to detect.
  • itching or burning around the sex organs
  • the warts may go away, but the virus may remain in the body, so the warts may come back
How do you get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex and sometimes by genital touching with someone who has genital warts.

What happens if it is not treated?
  • Warts may go away without treatment, remain unchanged, or grow and spread.
  • A mother with warts can give them to her baby during childbirth.
  • Warts can be removed with treatment, but may return because the virus will remain in the body.
GonorrheaWhat to watch for....................
  • Symptoms may occur 2-21 days after having sex, but most women and many men will have not have symptoms.
  • Symptoms may include:
      • thick yellow or gray discharge from the vagina or penis
      • watery, white drip from penis
      • abnormal periods or bleeding between periods
      • burning or pain when you need to urinate or have a bowel movement
      • cramps or pain in the lower abdomen
      • swollen or tender testicles.
How do you get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has gonorrhea.

What happens if it is not treated?
  • Can lead to more serious infection and reproductive organs can be damaged (which may cause infertility)
  • Can cause hear trouble, skin disease, arthritis and blindness.
  • A mother with gonorrhea can give it to her baby in the womb or during childbirth
  • Can be treated with certain antibiotics.
Hepatits B

What to watch for..............

  • Symptoms may show up 1-9 months after contact with the virus, but many people have no symptoms or mild symptoms.
  • Tiredness
  • Jaundice ( yellow skin)
  • Dark urine, light colored bowel movements.
How do I get this STD?
  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has HepB
  • Spread by sharing needles to inject drugs, or for any other reason
  • Spread by contact with infected blood.
What happens if it is not treated?
  • Some people recover completely without treatment.
  • Some people cannot be cured. Symptoms go away, but they can still give hepatitis B to others.
  • A mother with hepatitis B can give it to her baby during childbirth.
  • A vaccine exists to prevent Hep B, but there is no cure.
HerpesWhat to watch for......
  • Symptoms can show up 1-30 days or longer after having sex, but some people will have no symptoms.
  • Flu-like feelings
  • Small, painful bilsters on the sex organs or mouth
  • itching or burning before the blisters appear
  • Blisters last 1-3 weeks
  • Blister go away, but you still have herpes and blisters can return repeatedly.
How do I get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex and sometimes by genital touching with someone who has herpes.

What happens if it is not treated?
  • herpes cannot be cured, but there are medications to help treat the symptoms.
  • A mother with herpes can give it to her baby during childbirth.
  • For testing, the doctor will collect a small amount of fluid from the sore.
HIV/AIDSWhat to watch for..........
  • Symptoms show up several months to several years ( about 7-9 years for symptoms)
  • Can be present for many years with no symptoms
  • Unexplained weight loss or tiredness.
  • Flu-like feelings that don't go away or may come and go lasting for weeks or months at a time.
  • Diarrhea
  • White spots in mouth
  • In women, yeast infections that don't go away.
How do I get this STD?
  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has HIV
  • Spread by sharing needles to inject drugs or for any other reason
  • Spread by contact with infected blood
What happens if it is not treated?
  • HIV can be detected with a blood test.
  • HIV cannot be cured, the virus causes AIDS which is a disease in which the immune system begins to fail and chronic illness begins.
  • A mother with HIV can give it to her baby in the womb, during birth or while breastfeeding
SyphilisWhat to watch for......
  • 1st stage: symptoms show up 1-2 weeks after having sex
      • Painless sores on the mouth or sex organs
      • Sores last for 1-5 weeks
      • Sores go away, but you still have syphilis.
  • Stage 2:
      • Symptoms show up 1 week -6 months after sore heals
      • a rash anywhere on the body
      • Flu-like feelings go away
  • Stage 3:
      • Can appear 3-10 years or more after stage 2
      • skin lesions
      • mental deterioration
      • loss of balance and vision
      • loss of sensation
      • shooting pains
How do I get this STD?
  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has syphilis
What happens if it is not treated?
  • A simple blood test can determine whether or not you have the disease
  • A mother with syphilis can give it to her baby in the womb or during childbirth
  • Can cause heart disease, brain damage, blindness and death.
  • Can be treated with certain antibiotics.
Trichomoniasis

("Trich")

What to watch for...................
  • Symptoms may occur 3-14 days after having sex, but most will not have symptoms.
  • Symptoms may include:
      • itching, burning or irritation
      • Yellow, greenish or gray foamy discharge from the vagina
      • Watery, drip from the penis
      • Need to urinate more often
How do I get this STD?
  • Spread during vaginal sex
What happens if it is not treated?
  • uncomfortable symptoms will continue
  • Men can get infections in the prostate gland
  • Can be treated.